Many doctors spend a large part of their careers working in a salaried capacity. For some doctors, it is the first step on the path to a partnership, for others, working as a salaried GP bring the benefits of working in general practice without the extra responsibility, time and uncertainty of partnership. Here is a comprehensive guide to some of the advantages and disadvantages of working as a salaried GP:
As a salaried GP, you will have a stable work environment, being able to develop a working relationship with members of the team. You will be able to plan your finances as you will have a fixed monthly income. You should have a structured working week, making it easier to plan social engagements, childcare etc. Having a regular workplace also makes it easier to access CPD, to take part in audit and significant event analysis – all of which are important as part the appraisal and revalidation process.
As an employee, you have significant rights. First, you have entitlement to sick pay, a minimum amount of paid annual leave, paternity / maternity pay and leave and unpaid time off for compassionate leave. After working for 2 years in the same employment, you also gain full employment rights including the right to redundancy pay. Usually your past NHS service would be recognised towards this as long as you have not had a break in service. Employment rights are one of the biggest advantages of being an employee.
As a salaried GP you should have a job plan outlining your duties, and your work time commitment should be fixed. If the practice suddenly needs extra cover, while your employer can request that you do an extra shift, you do not have to accept, and they cannot demand that you provide the extra cover. Your main commitment will be to clinical work, and many doctors prefer this – managing other employees, dealing with the upkeep of the building, keeping an eye on the accounts will not be your responsibility.
Salaried GP pay is very variable throughout the UK, and even between practices within the same region. The review body recommended range for salaried GP pay for full time doctors (working 9 sessions) is currently £55,412 and £83,617 (2014 figures). These figures apply to doctors working for GMS practices or for PCOs directly. PMS and APMS practices are free to offer any salary they wish.Average pay for salaried GPs in the UK working in either GMS or PMS practices in 2013-2014 (last available actual figures) was £54,600. This figure includes those GPs working on a part time basis. In some cases, if there is a shortage of applicants, or if you are taking a salaried role with additional responsibilities, pay can be much higher – we have had jobs on the site with pay over £100,000 a year, for a lead salaried GP, including paid CPD and a decent annual leave allowance.
Average salaried GP pay is about £25k a year less than the average income for a full time partner once GP partners employers NHS pension and National Insurance contributions are taken into consideration. In the current climate of GP shortages though, you may be able to negotiate a good overall package, especially if you have additional skills that can bring the practice extra income (such as fitting coils and implants, offering joint injections etc.).
Lack of Control
As a salaried GP, you will have less control on the direction of the practice or the services offered. You may also have less flexibility in terms of how much leave you have or when you take it, compared to working as a locum or a partner. Over time, some doctors find that the workload expected of them can creep up, with additional time and responsibilities expected that are not always reflected in additional income.
Like any job, there are both advantages and disadvantages to working as a salaried GP. Hopefully this article is a good starting point to thinking about how whether working as a salaried GP is for you. Please feel free to contact us with any queries you may have about your career – we will always do our best to offer advice and support.
Please post a comment and share your tips and advice for newly qualified GPs.
Dr Mahibur Rahman is a portfolio GP and the medical director of Emedica. He is the Author of “GP Jobs – A Guide to Career Options in General Practice”. He will be teaching at the Life after CCT: GP Survival Skills course which includes a session with practical advice on taking up salaried GP posts, including things to consider in the contract, agreeing a job plan before taking up a post, and how to negotiate pay and terms and conditions.
Dr Mahibur Rahman
You may have heard the term “portfolio GP” more frequently over the last few years. This is an umbrella term used to describe any GP that has multiple jobs or that does multiple types of work within their working week. Most portfolio GPs have a primary job – this could be a partnership, a part time salaried position or being a locum GP, with one or more additional jobs in their portfolio.
Many GPs develop a portfolio over time almost by accident – what starts as a one off extra session working in a prison for example can become an interesting part of the regular working week.
The range of additional jobs that you might develop an interest in as part of your portfolio is huge – from developing a specialist interest, to taking on a management role as part of the CCG. Some of the more flexible additions to a portfolio can include:
- Medical Education
- Forensic Medical Examiner
- Prison Doctor
- GP with Specialist Interest (GPSI)
In this article I will discuss some of these options in a bit more detail.
There are various ways to become involved in medical education, from the occasional teaching and supervision of medical students on placement at the practice to becoming a GP trainer or Training Programme Director. Teaching can be very rewarding, as well as acting as a stimulus to refresh your own knowledge and to keep up to date.
Teaching Medical Students and Foundation Trainees
Most medical schools require doctors that will be teaching students on placement to attend a short training course (often over 1 or 2 days), and then to attend annual training days. Beyond this, you will not need to have any formal medical education qualifications. For teaching Foundation trainees, most deaneries require a similar amount of training.
Many medical schools recruit qualified GPs to become clinical tutors to facilitate small group teaching, or teach clinical and communication skills for undergraduates at the medical school. Having experience in teaching will make you a more attractive candidate, and medical schools often offer further in house training as well as support to complete a postgraduate certificate or diploma in medical education. Time requirements are usually 1-2 sessions a week.
The requirements to become a GP trainer vary by deanery, although there are some requirements that are fairly common throughout:
- MRCGP – either by examination or via portfolio
- Training in teaching – either a trainers’ course or a postgraduate certificate or diploma in medical education.
- Experience – the minimum post CCT experience varies from 2 years to 5 years.
There are also requirements that need to be met in relation to the training practice. A trainer would usually need to put aside the equivalent of 2 sessions a week to allow time for supervision, tutorials and ongoing workshops for trainers.
Training Programme Director
Programme Directors (formerly known as VTS Course Organisers) have responsibility for organising the regular teaching for Speciality Training schemes, as well as supporting trainers. Programme Directors are usually appointed via deaneries, and again requirements vary across the county, although most require experience of teaching and a formal postgraduate qualification in medical education at diploma or Masters level. Many Programme Directors are experienced trainers. The time commitment required is usually equivalent to 2 sessions a week or more. In many areas with larger training schemes, there are multiple Programme Directors for the same area.
Working as a GP in secure environments may seem daunting, however it can have many benefits. There is currently a huge shortage of GPs in the prison service, so the rates paid are usually very good. The work includes GP style clinics and ward rounds for inmates – you will usually be well supported with an experienced nursing team, and guards are nearby (they can be in the room on request in some cases). As well as acute illness and ongoing management of chronic disease, there is a high proportion of patients with mental health issues and drug misuse problems. Undertaking the RCGP Drug Misuse certificate can be useful to give you more confidence in dealing with this aspect of the work. If you are not sure if this is for you, contact your local prison and talk to the lead clinician – in most cases they will be happy to show you around the unit and offer some induction and training. There is also usually some need for on call cover, although this varies at different units.
Forensic Medical Examiner
Forensic Medical Examiners (formerly Police Surgeons) work with police forces to provide assessment and treatment to victims of crime and persons in custody. Many FMEs are GPs that work with the police as an additional role. The work can be interesting and varied, and will include assessment and treatment of injuries, minor illness, sudden illness in custody, and assessment of victims of sexual assault. Most FMEs work as part of a group of doctors that provide cover for one or more police stations day and night. A lot of the time you may be able to be on call from home, with extra fees payable for each visit to the station. Another aspect of the work of the FME involves giving evidence in court.
GP with Specialist Interest (GPSI or GPwSI)
A GPSI is a GP that has gained additional skills allowing them to offer services that have tradionally been offerd in secondary care. They can range from ENT or minor surgery to dermatology, sexual health or musculoskeletal medicine. Usually, there is a process of accreditaion that will require relevant additional qualifications and experience and then getting signed off by a consultant to state that the practitioner is capable of independent practice. Once accredited, a practice may be able to bid for work from a CCG that will allow them to accept referrals from other practices within the area. Having a special interest can make you more attractive to a practice, and a practice offering a successful GPSI service can bring in valuable extra income. There are dozens of possible special interests, and so we will look at this in more detail in a separate article.
Variety is the spice of life
These are just a few examples of some of the options you might build into your career as a portfolio GP. I know GPs that work as civilian medical practitioners on military bases, work as team doctors for sporting clubs, are involved with the air ambulance or emergency services One of the great things about being a portfolio GP is that working in different roles can help keep you stimulated and reduce the chances of burnout. I find that for me, it really is true that “a change is as good as a rest”!
Dr Mahibur Rahman is a portfolio GP and the medical director of Emedica. He is the Author of “GP Jobs – A Guide to Career Options in General Practice”. He will be teaching at the Life after CCT: GP Survival Skills course which includes a session with practical advice about developing a portfolio career.